I read a lot. I know this because I keep track of it. The first year I kept track was from summer 2007 to summer 2008. I was taking the bus to UBC every day and had a lot of time to read. I read 54 books that year. Yes, I averaged over one a week. In 2011 I started tracking again, this time starting January 1st. I read 41 books in 2011. So far in 2012 I’ve read 23 books. We’re in week 26, so I’m doing pretty good. I try to read at least 30 books a year.
Because I read so much I read a lot of bad books. I read a lot of good books to, but I read a lot of crap. Sturgeon said that “ninety percent of everything is crap”, and it’s true to a certain extent. For example I no longer read books published only in e-book format, when three for three were terrible I gave up. The lesson I took from this is that there’s a purpose to gatekeepers.
Why is any of this important? Because I’m noticing a problem with peoples definitions of “bad”. Too often I read a review of a book that talks about how derivative it is of previous books. I’ve even made the same argument. But there’s a difference between derivative and bad. A derivative book is one that pulls a lot of concepts from previous works. Because over 75% of my reading tends to be Fantasy I feel that I can accurately say that nearly all Fantasy novels have some derivative elements to them.
Tall elegant elf like creatures: Tolkien
God stand-in to guide the plot: Lewis
Super intelligent horse: Lackey
Long drawn out quest: Tolkien, and too many to count
Mass group of intertwining characters: Jordan (or GRRM)
But here’s the issue. These writers were derivative as well. Do you like George R. R. Martin? Well I’m afraid that it comes down to a mixture of War of the Roses with a pretty standard fantasy setting, and some Mervyn Peake. Try watching a Shakespeare history play, basically the same thing.
Robert Jordan? Re-read Eye of the World. There is so little original in it that it’s almost laughable.
Mercedes Lackey? cookie cutter fantasy with magical horses added in.
C.S. Lewis and Tolkien must be original! Nope. Lewis owes everything to George MacDonald, which he gladly admitted, and Tolkien has tied together Norse and Germanic fairy tales with Anglo-Saxon romances.
Ahh… but does taking things from further back in history make one less derivative? No. It just means that you have a broader education. If I lift part of my song from Bach instead of the Beatles am I any less derivative?
This doesn’t mean any of those authors aren’t good. I read and re-read all of their books (well except for GRMM, but I’ve never been a War of the Roses fan anyway). What it means is that being derivative doesn’t matter. Fantasy literature comes out of the Romances (traditional meaning, not modern one) of the Germans and Anglo-Saxons. It comes out of the fairy tales and legends of the past. And it comes out of a desire to reconnect with the Quest.
When we criticize Fantasy novels as being derivative we need to ask ourselves “Why does it matter?” Because everything is derivative. Instead we need to look at the story by itself. That’s what’s important. How well does the author immerse you in their story? How well constructed is it? Not where s/he got this idea from or that idea from. That should be a last refuge for when the story fails. If the story doesn’t work then you can sit and pick it apart as being derivative. But not before.
Look at stories as they are. Read them for them. You can recognize where some elements came from, but remember everyone is derivative.